The US military appreciates that its branches need to revamp their pondering about how to engage in "the theater of war" in the new, publish-Cold War planet of the 21st century. One particular factor that the military leaders tension is the need for the forces deployed in the theater to be in a position to be more power-independent. At present the US military has policies and techniques in location to interact with allies or sympathetic regional populaces to support its forces in the subject get their required vitality and thoroughly clean h2o when engaged in a foreign army marketing campaign. Nonetheless, this is not wholly trustworthy, as the US may well locate alone facing unilateral military activities, or have by itself in a scenario exactly where its allies are unable to aid it with the sources it requirements to conduct its army steps successfully.
The US army is incredibly interested in certain alternative energies that, with the correct study and advancement technologically, can make it energy independent, or at least a excellent deal additional so, on the battlefield. 1 of the points that enormously interests the military along these lines is the improvement of smaller nuclear reactors, which could be transportable, for making theater-community electrical energy. The army is impressed with how thoroughly clean-burning nuclear reactors are and how power effective they are. Generating them transportable for the standard warfare of today's hugely cellular, modest-scaled army operations is some thing they are studying. The most prominent matter that the US army thinks these modest nuclear reactors would be useful for requires the elimination of hydrogen (for fuel cell) from seawater. It also thinks that changing seawater to hydrogen fuel in this way would have less damaging affect on the surroundings than its present practices of remaining provided out in the area.
Seawater is, in reality, the military's greatest interest when it arrives to the make any difference of substitute energy provide. Seawater can be endlessly "mined" for hydrogen, which in flip powers innovative fuel cells. Using OTEC, seawater can also be endlessly converted into desalinated, potable drinking water. Potable h2o and hydrogen for strength are two of the issues that a close to-future deployed military force will will need most of all.
In the cores of nuclear reactors-which as stated previously mentioned are gadgets highly fascinating, in transportable kind, to the US military-we encounter temperatures higher than one thousand degrees Celsius. When this level of temperature is mixed with a thermo-chemical h2o-splitting process, we have on our fingers the most efficient means of breaking down water into its component elements, which are molecular hydrogen and oxygen. The minerals and salts that are contained in seawater would have to be extracted through a desalination approach in purchase to make the way apparent for the h2o-splitting process. These could then be utilized, this kind of as in nutritional vitamins or in salt shakers, or just sent back again to the ocean (recycling). Making use of the energy of nuclear reactors to extract this hydrogen from the sea, in buy to then input that into fuel cells to ability sophisticated airplanes, tanks, ground cars, and the like, is clearly substantial on the R & D priority checklist of the army.
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